This is Claire, from Your CBD Store, Waupaca.
CBD Spectrums and the Entourage Effect
Every day we are at the store, we meet people from all walks of life, and they all want to know the same thing “What’s up with this CBD stuff?”.
We LOVE this question, and we LOVE that people know they can come to us for up-to-date information on the science behind ‘that CBD stuff’.
In this post, I’m going to address one of the most commonly misunderstood topics we run into– CBD Spectrums and the Entourage Effect. While that may seem like the title to an epic 1980s hair metal album, it’s not. What it is, CBD Spectrums and the Entourage Effect is actually the phrase the CBD industry uses to address the presence or lack of cannabinoids, including THC (tetrahydrocannabinol, the intoxicating element of cannabis) in CBD products. This concept is one that many people, and frequently those who have been using other brands of CBD, often don’t fully understand.
In the United States, the majority of CBD products are derived from Industrial Hemp, with the exception of a few formulas derived from medical marijuana, which is only available through state-licensed dispensaries. Although the plant’s overall chemical structure is different, there is research suggesting that CBD can now also be extracted from certain strains of the hops plant as well.
An industrial hemp plant has less than .3% THC, so, when we talk about CBD having THC, we aren’t talking about the intoxicating levels found in marijuana. These low levels, however, have been reported to be therapeutic by researchers and customers alike.
The first CBD Spectrum we’re going to look at is the Full Spectrum. With this spectrum when the significant chemicals are extracted from the plant, all of the plant chemicals (cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids, and more) are retained and used in products. Think “Full Spectrum, full plant” and maximum Entourage Effect.
The second Spectrum we see is Broad Spectrum. In Broad Spectrum, the chemicals are given a second extraction to remove the THC components, while leaving the other beneficial plant chemicals in-tact. This is ideal for people who may want to avoid THC.
There is also a third Spectrum to be aware of, known as Isolate. In this extraction process, all of the additional plant chemicals, including the other cannabinoids, are extracted, leaving only isolated CBD.
In the beginning stages of CBD research, isolates exploded in popularity. I mean, pure CBD has to be the best right?! Well, not really.
In the last few years, researchers started moving away from isolate based research and began looking into the full chemical list available from whole-plant hemp extract. From this research, it was discovered that while CBD might be a power player in hemp, the other plant chemicals present really DID increase the overall potency and effectiveness of CBD on test subjects, this is called the Entourage Effect! Everything working together for a maximum potential benefit.